Self-Awareness is the capacity for introspection and the ability to recognize oneself as an individual separate from the environment and other individuals.

Shelly Duval and Robert Wicklunds Theory:

The psychological study of self-awareness can be first traced back to 1972. The famous psychologists Shelly Duval and Robert Wicklunds proposed the theory: when we focus our attention on ourselves, we evaluate and compare our current behavior to our internal standards and values. We become self-conscious as objective evaluators of ourselves.

Daniel Goleman Theory:

Psychologist Daniel Goleman proposed a popular definition of self-awareness in his famous book
Emotional Intelligence as:
knowing ones internal states, preference, resources, and intuitions.

Personalities Types


Analyst role personalities are rationalist and technology pursuits. There are two traits in Analyst role: Thinking Trait and Intuitive Trait. Personalities types in the Analyst Role are:

  • Architect
  • Logicians
  • Commanders
  • Debaters


These personalities are imaginative and strategic thinkers, with a plan for everything. They have a plan for everything. These sorts of people are very rare and constitutes only 2% of the worlds population. They are amazingly curious but do not waste their energy. Their curiosity drives them and their insatiable thirst for knowledge keeps them motivated. They are unlikely to be affected by cynics. They are self-confident and have insightful observation. They work by employing the sense of perfectionism and even morality. They always work rationally no matter how attractive the goals are.


They are Quick, Imaginative and strategic mind, High self-confidence, Independent and decisive, Hardworking and determined, Open minded, Jack of all trades.


They are Arrogant, Judgmental, overly analytical, Loathe highly structure environment




Empathy is the power to see and share the views or opinions of another. Empathy is, at its simplest, awareness of the tactile sensations and emotions of the other masses. It is the link between self and others.
According to several experts, empathy is defined equally:
  • An observers reacting emotionally because he perceives that some other soul is experiencing or is about to have an emotion. - Ezra Stotland, 1969
  • An attack by one self-aware, self to comprehend unjudgementally the positive and negative experiences of some other self. - Lauren Wispe, 1986
  • An effective response more appropriate to somebody else's situation to one's own.- Martin Hoffman, 1987

Why is Empathy necessary?

Because before you give reaction to action, you need to know how others are feeling. You need to know their emotions, then respond according to the situation.

Anterior Cingulate Cortex

The researchers found that a brain area called the anterior cingulate cortex, which is often active when we see others in pain, was less active when participants saw members of ethnic groups different from their own in pain.

Types of Empathy
  • Cognitive Empathy
  • Emotional Empathy
  • Compassionate Empathy

Cognitive Empathy:

Cognitive empathy is the ability to understand how a person feels and what they might be thinking. Building Cognitive Empathy:

  • Building cognitive empathy is about making educated guesses.
  • Engage yourself with the person
  • Do not interpret the mood too quickly
  • Observe the verbal or written response
  • Observe body language

Emotional Empathy

Emotional empathy (also known as affective empathy) is the ability to share the feelings of another person. Some have described it as "your pain in my heart.

Building Emotional Empathy:
  • Share the feeling
  • Make deeper connections
  • Listen carefully to the person
  • Resist the urge to judge
  • Reflect

Once you understand the person feeling find a way to relate to it

Compassionate Empathy

Compassionate empathy (also known as an empathic concern) goes beyond simply understanding others and sharing their feelings: it actually moves us to take action, to help however we can.

Building Compassionate Empathy:
  • Share your experience
  • Avoid conveying impressions that you have all the answers
  • Help them





Motivation is the word that derives from "motive", meaning needs, desires, desires or entities within individuals. Motivation is what pushes us to achieve our goals, to feel happier and to improve the overall quality of life. Self-motivation includes our personal drive to improve and achieve, commitment to our goals, initiative, or readiness to act on opportunities, and optimism and resilience.

Intrinsic Motivation

Intrinsic motivation is a type of motivation in which an individual is motivated by inner desires, rewards and the sense of contentment and pleasure that come with the completion of the job. Intrinsic Motivators are fun, interest and personal challenge.

Extrinsic Motivation

Extrinsic motivation, is a type of motivation in which an individual is motivated by external desires. Take an action or task to receive a reward, including money, power, good grades, or good skills. In simple terms, when we are encouraged or want to do something to receive the reward, apart from complacency.

Incentive Motivation.

Incentive motivation is a type of motivation that is used when you or others know it's a reward once a particular goal is achieved. This is the kind of reward that makes people work a little more.

Fear Motivation

The fear motivation forces a person to act against the will. It's instantaneous and does the job quickly. Anyone who sets and achieves big goals knows that responsibility plays a major role in achieving his goals.

Achievement Motivation

It's the impulse to pursue and achieve goals. A person motivated by performance wants to achieve goals and climb the ladder of success. Performance is important to you, not the associated rewards.

Power Motivation

Power-based motivation is a type of motivation that gives others the energy to have more control, usually by using positions in employment or organizations. It's ideal for those who want to change the world around them based on their personal vision. People motivated by power have an impact on their organization and are willing to take risks.

Affiliation Motivation

People often say that it's not what we do, but what we know that determines our success. Those who use motivation as a driving force to achieve their goals blossom when they connect with others in positions of higher power than themselves. It is a great strength to help you reach your social goals and move forward in the world.

Competence Motivation

It helps others to progress in a particular area and to be more competent. This type of motivation is particularly useful when it comes to learning new skills and finding ways to avoid the obstacles you encounter in different areas of life.

Attitude Motivation

A type of motivation that reaches those who want to change in an intense way. The way they see the world around them and the way they see each other. The goals associated with self-awareness and self-change are achieved through attitude motivation. It is about what people think and feel. It's their self-confidence and their attitude to life.

Arousal Theory of Motivation

The Arousal Theory of Motivation states that motivation is associated with certain levels of "arousal", which in psychology means mental alertness and activeness. It states that the environmental factors influence the level of arousal. People take specific steps to achieve the optimal level of arousal by reducing or increasing the amount and type of stimulation they receive from the environment.

Equity Theory of Motivation

This Theory of motivation describes the relationship between the employee's perception of how fairly is he being treated and how hard he is motivated to work. It is based on the idea that individuals are motivated by fairness. In simple terms, the theory states when an individual identifies an inequality between themselves and peer, they will adjust the work they do to make the situation fair in their eyes.

Expectancy Theory of Motivation

This motivation emphasizes the need for the organization directly link to performance and rewards to performance and to ensure that the rewards provided are those rewards deserved and wanted by the participants. This shows that employee motivation is an outcome of how much rewards he wants.



Managing Emotion

Emotions are feeling

Identifying Emotion

Having noticed the signs that emotions are occurring, your next step is to understand and identify those emotions. Good questions to ask include:

  • What am I feeling now?
  • What are my senses telling me?
  • What is it that I want?
  • What judgments or conclusions have I made (and are they accurate)?
  • What is this emotion trying to tell me?

Types of Emotions:

According to Fisher's research, the most common negative emotions experienced in the workplace are as follows:>

  • Frustration/irritation.
  • Worry/nervousness.
  • Anger/aggravation.
  • Dislike.
  • Disappointment/unhappiness.


Frustration usually occurs when you feel stuck or trapped, or unable to move forward in some way.

  • Stop and evaluate One of the best things you can do is mentally stop yourself, and look at the situation. Ask yourself why you feel frustrated. Write it down, and be specific. Then think of one positive thing about your current situation. For instance, if your boss is late for your meeting, then you have more time to prepare. Or, you could use this time to relax a little.
  • Find something positive about the situation – Thinking about a positive aspect of your situation often makes you look at things in a different way. This small change in your thinking can improve your mood. When its people who are causing your frustration, they're probably not doing it deliberately to annoy you.
  • Remember the last time you felt frustrated The last time you were frustrated about something, the situation probably worked out just fine after a while, right? Your feelings of frustration or irritation probably didnt do much to solve the problem then, which means they are not doing anything for you right now.


With all the fear and anxiety that comes with increasing numbers of layoffs, its no wonder that many people worry about their jobs. But this worry can easily get out of control, if you allow it, and this can impact not only your mental health, but also your productivity, and your willingness to take risks at work.

Try these tips to deal with worrying:
  • Dont surround yourself with worry and anxiety For example, if co workers gather in the break room to gossip and talk about job cuts, then dont go there and worry with everyone else. Worrying tends to lead to more worrying, and that isn't good for anyone.
  • Try deep breathing exercises This helps slow your breathing and your heart rate. Breathe in slowly for five seconds, then breathe out slowly for five seconds. Focus on your breathing, and nothing else. Do this at least five times.
  • Focus on how to improve the situation If you fear being laid off, and you sit there and worry, that probably won't help you keep your job. Instead, why not brainstorm ways to bring in more business, and show how valuable you are to the company?
  • Write down your worries in a worry log If you find that worries are churning around inside your mind, write them down in a notebook or worry log, and then schedule a time to deal with them. Before that time, you can forget about these worries, knowing that you wll deal with them. When it comes to the time you have scheduled, conduct a proper risk analysis around these things, and take whatever actions are necessary to mitigate any risks. Anger/Aggravation

Out-of-control anger is perhaps the most destructive emotion that people experience in the workplace. Its also the emotion that most of us dont handle very well. If you have trouble managing your temper at work, then learning to control it is one of the best things you can do if you want to keep your job.

Anybody can become angry that is easy, but to be angry with the right person and to the right degree and at the right time and dot the right purpose, and in the right way that is not within everybody’s power and is not easy - Aristotle

Try these suggestions to control your anger:
  • Watch for early signs of anger Only you know the danger signs when anger is building, so learn to recognize them when they begin. Stopping your anger early is key. Remember, you can choose how you react in a situation. Just because your first instinct is to become angry doesn't mean it's the correct response.
  • If you start to get angry, stop what you're doing – Close your eyes, and practice the deep breathing exercise we described earlier. This interrupts your angry thoughts, and it helps put you back on a more positive path.
  • Picture yourself when you are angry If you imagine how you look and behave while you are angry, it gives you some perspective on the situation. For instance, if you are about to shout at your co-worker, imagine how you would look. Is your face red? Are you waving your arms around? Would you want to work with someone like that? Probably not. Dislike

We have probably all had to work with someone we don't like. But it's important to be professional, no matter what.

Here are some ideas for working with people you dislike:
  • Be respectful If you have to work with someone you don't get along with, then its time to set aside your pride and ego. Treat the person with courtesy and respect, as you would treat anyone else. Just because this person behaves in an unprofessional manner, that doesnt mean you should as well.
  • Be assertive If the other person is rude and unprofessional, then firmly explain that you refuse to be treated that way, and calmly leave the situation. Remember, set the example. Disappointment/Unhappiness

Dealing with disappointment or unhappiness at work can be difficult. Of all the emotions you might feel at work, these are the most likely to impact your productivity. If you've just suffered a major disappointment, your energy will probably be low, you might be afraid to take another risk, and all of that may hold you back from achieving. Here are some proactive steps you can take to cope with disappointment and unhappiness:

  • Look at your mindset Take a moment to realize that things wont always go your way. If they did, life would be a straight road instead of one with hills and valleys, ups and downs, right? And it's the hills and valleys that often make life so interesting.
  • Adjust your goal If youre disappointed that you didnt reach a goal, that doesnt mean the goal is no longer reachable. Keep the goal, but make a small change for example, delay the deadline.
  • Record your thoughts Write down exactly what is making you unhappy. Is it a co worker? Is it your job? Do you have too much to do? Once you identify the problem, start brainstorming ways to solve it or work around it. Remember, you always have the power to change your situation
  • Smile! Strange as it may sound, forcing a smile or even a grimace – onto your face can often make you feel happy (this is one of the strange ways in which we humans are wired.) Try it you may be surprised!



Social Skills

Effective social skills consist of managing relationships in a way that benefits the organization

  • Effective social skills help you to build rapport with your employees and earn their respect and loyalty.
  • Employees will trust you which is especially valuable if unwelcomed decisions have been made, such as a rise in performance targets.
  • When you interact with your employees you can identify the best way to meet their individual needs and identify how their abilities can be used to achieve the organizations aims.
  • Staff will feel comfortable presenting ideas to you and discussing concerns.

Improve social skills by:
  • Developing your communication skills. Problems can arise if there is bad communication, such as, misunderstandings upsetting employees. Listen to feedback to work out what to target, for example, the manner in which you speak may need work or perhaps your body language.
  • Learning how to provide praise and constructive feedback.
  • Cooperating and working together with your employees because you are all working towards a shared goal.
  • Listening to employees and practicing empathy.
  • Building relationships with your employees will assist you in understanding how to manage each individual.
  • Resolving conflict by looking at the situation from all the viewpoints involved and try to come to a compromise that benefits everyone.

Relationship Management concerns the skill or adeptness at inducing desirable responses in others. The Relationship Management cluster contains six competencies:

  • Developing Others: Sensing others development needs and bolstering their abilities.
  • Inspirational Leadership: Inspiring and guiding individuals and groups.
  • Change Catalyst: Initiating or managing change.
  • Influence: Wielding effective tactics for persuasion.
  • Conflict Management: Negotiating and resolving disagreements.
  • Teamwork & Collaboration: Working with others toward shared goals. Creating group synergy in pursuing collective goals.

Social Awareness refers to how people handle relationships and awareness of others feelings, needs, and concerns. The Social Awareness cluster contains three competencies:

  • Empathy: Sensing others feelings and perspectives, and taking an active interest in their concerns.
  • Organizational Awareness: Reading a groups emotional currents and power relationships.
  • Service Orientation: Anticipating, recognizing, and meeting customers needs.



Great Teachers Don't Teach

Emotional support

There are the days when your students will need your emotional support more than a musical composition of information. Connecting with your students on an emotional level makes it more likely that they will listen to your counsel and take your advice to heart. Students need mentors as much as they need teachers.

Sense of purpose

We cant all be blessed with epic workdays all the time. Sometimes, life is merely mundane and dull. Teachers with a sense of purpose that are able to realize the big picture can ride above the hard and boring days because their eye is on something further down the route. For many students, they have no real sense of purpose. Some students are just trying to get by until they graduate and get a job. For others, receiving good grades so they can get into a decent college is their main purpose in life. It's our job to use teaching strategies to help kids find their life purpose.

Bring Fun in Class Room

Academic studies naturally coincide with rote teaching styles and textbook work. However, it is important to make learning exciting for students with interactive activities. For example, Here is a fun spin on the classic game of Headbanz. Instead of using headbands like in Headbanz, use sticky notes to write random words (relevant to the grades curriculum) on them. Stick one of the notes on a student is head without allowing her to look at the word. The student has to figure out what the word on her forehead is by asking her peers for clues. If the word on the sticky note is flower, then clues can be pollination, colorful, spring, petals, etc. to help the player guess the word! Relate with Real Life Experiences

One of the characteristics of a great teacher is connecting the classroom-based knowledge with real life. Be it social science, English, science or mathematics. They can connect every piece of knowledge with related life examples. And when a teacher teaches through real - life learning. The results achieved by the students are maximum because learning is maximum.

Care about students

You may decide to become a teacher because you care about education and the students you will be working with. Once you become a teacher, you care, not just about education, but about your students education. Great Teachers care about their students. They want them to succeed and are committed to helping them achieve their goals. Moreover, teachers care about their students happiness, well-being and life beyond the classroom.

Long-Term Memories

Great Teachers provide experiences that created long-term memories. According to the memory research, information is easier retrieved when it is stored using a cue and that cue should be present at the time the information is being retrieved. For example, the acronym HOMES can be used to represent the names of the Great Lakes Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie and Superior. The acronym is a cue that is used when the information is being learned, and recalling the cue when taking a test will help the student recall the information.

High Expectations Motivation Skills

Great Teachers have high expectations from their students. Having high expectations does not mean riding a student and punishing them when they dont perform. It does, however, mean that you spur all your students on to do their best and you dont accept less from a student you know can perform better. This may mean that you give them the opportunity to redo a test or a task because you know that they can achieve more. You dont accept that a student cannot learn. You find alternative ways to make the learning accessible to the student.

Dont need any content

Good teachers are great performers and storytellers that rivet their students attention. A teacher should not only know the content well enough but also, they should be able to present their content in such a way that students take maximum interest in the learning process.



Teaching is a Never Ending Journey

Process of Becoming a Teacher

The procedure of getting a teacher begins when a newborn baby adopts the ability to heed. When we are acquitted, we accommodate to our surroundings and teach ourselves. Our elders teach us about the little things and we teach ourselves by reading. In this manner, this process goes along and we increased our self-learning. Then we bring in our bachelors degree and obtained a credential of a teacher.


Self-Learning or Autodidactation is a process of learning or teaching own without any teacher. While teaching, we are teaching ourselves because we learn new things day by day. It is important nowadays because It creates an opportunity to learn different skills.

Why self-learning is important?
Because by self-learning
  • You develop strong problem-solving skills.
  • You gain other skills by this process
  • The learning experience becomes more meaningful.
  • You have clear learning goals.


Open-learning can be adverted to as a teaching method. This condition refers to natural processes that enhance learning and thinking powers. It is not confined to classroom teaching methods, it approaches, innovative and digital scholarship. It came out in 1970 and has become a part of the modern education system. It is quite different from self-learning because self-learning doesnt need any teacher. While open-learning requires teacher in digital form. Open-learning can be self-learning but self-learning cant be open-learning.

Passion for Knowledge

The teachers journey represents a lifelong dedication to scholarship. Its approximately a true passion for new knowledge and accomplishments that make you more effective as a professional and a human being. If you have a passion for getting knowledge then you will be a great teacher. Teaching doesnt mean to teach, its mean to giving and gaining. Its mean if you teach for the sake of knowledge, then you are a great teacher.

Learning by Teaching

Teaching doesnt mean that you are giving every information to students. It implies you are taking in. Because giving is gaining. You learn more by teaching others. If you want to increase your learning ability then teach. On the other hand, if you want to teach then learn. Teaching and learning have a close relationship. Without learning you cant teach, and without teaching, you cant learn.



My Teacher-The SuperHero

Teachers have greater importance in our society. They dont only teach; they involve the students eternity. They act like a hero for students. The instructor can be anyone, it may be father, mother or any other individual who enhances your skills and create your future. Following are the causes of why a teacher is a superhero:

Touch the Future

Great teachers touch the future because they inspire hope and catalyze creative ability in students to Imaginate their thoughts to a more eminent level. They enhance the skills inside the students. That is why they are superheroes.

Art of Awakening

It is the supreme art of the teacher to awaken joy in creative expression and knowledge. Albert Einstein
Superhero teacher always tries to awaken the students. Every teacher should act like an awakener for the students, not a teacher.

Zero to Hero

A skillful instructor is not himself a poor boy, he also creates heroes for the hereafter. When a child starts learning, he is dull at the start. It means he is at the zero stage. When a teacher teaches him, he starts growing and enhancing his learning. Then this child finishes his zero factor and approaches to his superhero level. After that, this child also creates superheroes.


Like a comic book superhero, he plays for the welfare of his country and citizenry. He redeems the masses and his country. He doesnt play for himself because he is selfless. In the real-life world, teachers are the superheroes because they teach their nations to become great of all time. When a scholar or a person passes in a wrong path, then a teacher deviates his wrong course to the success path.


As we discussed, a superhero teacher acts as an Awakener. But on the other hand, he creates a big impact on students as an influence. The Influence of a Good Teacher can Never be Erased. According to above-stated saying, if you are a skillful teacher and you hold the abilities like a comic book superhero to engage the people and to influence them, then you can mark the influence on your pupils. And this influence can never be effaced.

Suppose a Superman, when a problem occurs in anywhere in the town, he flies away for the help because he is born to face the difficulties and save the citizenry and the world. Now get into the real-life world, every educational institute needs a teacher to instruct the pupils. When they are short of teachers, they face troubles. When a great and passionate teacher hears about this word, he flies away whether he is sour from that state or not, his passion always calling him.

Discover Legends

The selfless superhero teacher is himself a legend. He identifies the different legends from his squad of scholars from different disciplines. Like actors, musicians, comedians, journalists, etc. These legends should be grateful to the superhero legend who discover the skills that make them legends.

Needs of a Superhero

Following are the important needs of a great superhero teacher:

  • Faith
  • Time
  • Bravery
  • Associations
  • Love

There are many needs of a superhero teacher, but these five demands are crucial. You cant teach like a superhero without above-mentioned matters.